Carbon Order

REFERENCES

 

CLIMATE CONTEXT

  1. Wg3 AR5 Summary for Policy Makers, IPCC March 2014
  2. IEA World Energy Outlook Special Report on Climate and Energy June 2015
  3. UNFCCC http://unfccc.int/essential_background/items/6031.php;  3(a) Scoreboard Science and Data, Climate Interactive, climatescoreboard.org  15.12.15;  3(b) Paris climate deal: key points at a glance, Adam Vaughan, The Guardian 12.12.15; 3(c) 3a Op.Cit.
  4. Greenhouse Gas Pledges by Parties to the United nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Jane A Leggett, Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy, Congressional Research Service July 1st 2015
  5. Op. Cit. (2)
  6. The next generation of scenarios for climate change research and assessment, Moss et al. 2010, Nature, doi:10.1038/nature08823. Cited in The Beginer’s guide to Representative Concentration Pathways, G P Wayne, Skeptical Science August 2013
  7. Fossil fuel companies getting $10m a minute says IMF, Damian Carrington, The Guardian 18.05.15 quoting from ‘How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?’ International Monetary Fund, 18.05.15
  8. Putting a price on carbon’ The World Bank, 03.06.2014; 8(a) State and Trends of Carbon Pricing, World Bank, 2015
  9. The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries, Homi Kharas, OECD Development Centre Working Paper Number 285, January 2010
  10. Get used to low economic growth - it's here to stay, Jorgen Randers, The Guardian 05.02.14
  11. The Limits to Growth: The 30-year Update, Donella H Meadows, Jorgen Randers, Dennis L Meadows 01.11.14
  12. Population Growth Forecast From UN May Be Too High. Floyd Norris, New York Times, Business Day. 20.09.13
  13. UNEP. Population Facts No 2013/10 December 2013. Explaining differences in the projected populations between the 2012 and 2013 Revisions of World Population Prospects: The role of fertility in Africa www.unpopulation.org
  14. Global population to hit 9.7bn people by 2050 despite fall in fertility’ Sam Jones and mark Anderson, The Guardian 29.07.15, quoting from World population Prospects: the 2015 revision, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  15. IPCC, 2013: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group l to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) pp 16 & 17
  16. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis.  Summary for Policymakers.  Working Group 1 Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC October 2013
  17. Dangerous Climate Warming: Myth & Reality, Climate Code Red 20.08.14 www.climatecodered.org
  18.  (17) Ibid.
  19. ‘Reframing the climate change challenge in light of post-2000 emission trends, Kevin Anderson and Alice Bows, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 13.11.08 vol.366 no. 1882, 3863-3882
  20. Kevin Anderson and Alice Bows ‘Beyond ‘Dangerous’ Climate Change: Emission Scenarios for a New World’.   Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, 2011.
  21. Avoiding dangerous climate change demands de-growth strategies from wealthier nations’ www.kevinanderson.info,  September 2014
  22. ‘Climate change: going beyond dangerous’, slide presentation to DIFID 5th July 2011 (Slide 15), Professor Kevin Anderson
  23. ‘World Population projected to reach 9.6 bn by 2050 with most growth in developing countries, especially Africa            – says UN’. Press Release issued by WPP (World Population Programme) 13th June 2013
  24. ‘Record CO2 emissions committing world to dangerous climate change’ The Guardian 21.09.14 reporting on   recent study in Nature Geoscience
  25. (22) Op. Cit.
  26. (21) Op. Cit.
  27. Paleoclimate implications for human-made climate change. Hansen, J. E. and M. Sato 2012 in Climate Change: Inferences from Paleoclimate and Regional Aspects. A Berger et al Springer, 21-48, doi:10 1007/978-3-7091-0973-1_2.
  28. Assessing Dangerous Climate Change Through an Update of the IPCC Reasons for Concern, Smith et al,  Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences, March 2009
  29. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Summary for Policymakers, IPCC AR5 2014
  30. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis Summary for Policymakers IPCC AR5 2014
  31. ‘Climate sensitivity in the Anthropocene’, M. Previdi et al, Quarterly Journal of the Meteorological Society Vol 139,               Issue 674 July 2013 Part A pp 1123-1131
  32. Hansen J, Sato M, Kharecha P,Beerling D, Berner R, Masson-Delmotte V, Pagani M, Raymo M, Royer D L,  Zachos J C, 2008. Target Atmospheric CO2: Where should Humanity Aim? Open Atmos. Sci. J. 2: 217-231
  33. Thompson WG, Goldstein SL. 2005. Open-system coral ages reveal persistentsuborbital sea-level cycles. Science 308:   401–404.
  34. Hearty PJ, Hollin JT, Neumann AC, O’Leary MJ, McCulloch M. 2007. Global sea-level fluctuations during the Last Interglaciation (MIS 5e). Quaternary Sci. Rev. 26: 2090–2112.
  35. Bard E, Hamelin B, Delanghe-Sabatier D. 2010. Deglacial meltwater pulse 1B and Younger Dryas sea levels revisited with boreholes at Tahiti. Science 327: 1235–1237.
  36.  Miller KG, Mountain GS, Wright JD, Browning JV. 2011. A 180-million-year record of sea level and ice volume variations from continental margin and deep-sea isotopic records. Oceanography 24: 40–53.
  37. Le Quéré C, Raupach MR, Canadell JG, Marland G, Bopp L, Ciais P, Conway TJ, Doney SC, Feely RA, Foster P, Friedlingstein P, Gurney K, Houghton RA, House JI, Huntingford C, Levy PE, Lomas MR, Majkut J, Metzl N,Ometto JP, Peters GP, Prentice IC, Randerson JT, Running SW, Sarmiento JL, Schuster U, Sitch S, Takahashi T, Viovy N, van der Werf GR, Woodward FI. 2009. Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Nat. Geosci. 2:831–836.
  38. Friedlingstein P, Cox P, Betts R, Bopp L, von Bloh W, Brovkin V, Cadule P, Doney S, Eby M, Fung I, Bala G, John J, Jones C, Joos F, Kato T, Kawamiya M, Knorr W, Lindsay K, Matthews HD, Raddatz T, Rayner P, Reick C,Roeckner E, Schnitzler K-G, Schnur R, Strassmann K, Weaver AJ, Yoshikawa C, Zeng N. 2006. Climate–carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the C4MIP model intercomparison. J. Climate 19: 3337–3353
  39. Lüthi D, Le Floch M, Bereiter B, Blunier T, Barnola J-M, Siegenthaler U, Raynaud D, Jouzel J, Fischer H, Kawamura K, Stocker TF. 2008. High resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000–800,000 years before present. Nature 453: 379–382.
  40. Ibid. (38)
  41. ‘Greenhouse gas emissions rise at fastest rate for 30 years’ The Guardian 09.09.14 quoting World Meteorological Office (WMO)
  42. Spread in model climate sensitivity traced to atmospheric convective mixing. Steve Sherwood, Sandrine Bony, & Jean-Louis Dufresne. Nature 505.7481. 01.01.2014
  43. ‘On avoiding anthropogenic interference with the climate system: Formidable challenges ahead’ V Ramanathan and Y Feng. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America July 2008. p14246
  44. 44   (i) Air Pollution Concerns Halt Enormous Coal Plant in China. Justin Guay. Huffington Post. 8.13.2013. www.huffingtonpost.com; (ii) The Unimaginable: Peak Coal in China. Citibank. 4.9.2013; (iii) China to monitor Air Pollution Effects in Cities. Bloomberg News. 29.10.2013; (iv) Can China’s Air Pollution Action Plan Slow Down New Coal Power Development? World Resources Institute. 17.10.2013; (v) China’s Response to Air Pollution Poses Threat to Water. WRI. 23.10.2013.
  45. (i) Climate Response to zeroed emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols H Duncan Mathews and Kirsten Zickfield. Nature Climate Change 2. 338- 341 (2012); (ii) Earth’s Energy Imbalace and Implications. Hansen, Sato et al. Atmos. Chem. Phys 11. 13421-13499 (2011).
  46. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007: Working Group 1: The Physical Science Basis SPM 10.ES Snow and Ice.
  47.  IPCC, 2013: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group l to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) pp 16 & 17
  48. The Future of Arctic Sea Ice Wieslaw Maslowski et al Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science Vol 40 May 2012 pp 625-654. 23. Press Release: New Insight into accelerating summer ice melt on the Antarctic Peninsula. British Antarctic Survey. 14.4.2013
  49. ‘Estimating the global radiative impact of the sea ice-albedo feedback in the Arctic. Stephen R Hundson. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres Volume 116. Issue D16 16.8.2011
  50. ‘Arctic Scientist warns of dangerous climate change’. Interview with Professor Carlos Duparte, Director Univeristy of Western Australia Oceans Institute.30.1.2012.
  51. Makiko Sato & James Hansen www.columbia.edu/-mhs119/Updating the Climate Science/ice sheet disintegration (last modified 17/1/13)
  52. Shepherd et al., 2012
  53. Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith and Kohler Glaciers, West Antarctica from 1992 to 2011 by E. Rignot et al, Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2014 GLO60140 May 2014
  54. Western Antarctic ice sheet collapse has already begun, scientists warn. The Guardian, reorting on two studies by NASA and the University of Washington 12.05.14
  55. Rapid, climate-driven changes in outlet glaciers on the Pacific coast of East Antarctica. B. W. J. Miles et al Nature vol 500 563-566 29th August 2013 DOI: 10.1038/nature12382
  56. Cryosat finds sharp increase in Antarctica’s Ice Losses. European Space Agency, 19th May 2014 www.esa.int
  57. ‘Global warming: it’s a point of no return in West Antarctica. What happens next? Eric Rignot’, The Observer 17th May 2014 reporting as lead author of paper ‘Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith, and Kohler Glaciers, West Antarctica, from 1992 to 2011’, E. Rignot et al, Geophysical Resaerch letters 27th May 2014
  58. Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modelling, and modern observations that 2oC global warming is highly dangerous, J Hansen et al, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Atmos. Chem.Phys. Discuss . 15, 20069-20179, 2015
  59. ‘Amount and timing of carbon release in response to climate warming’, Kevin Schaefer et al NOAA and the National Snow and Ice Data Centre, published in Tellus B Vol 63, Issue 2, pages 165-180 April 2011
  60. Speleotherms reveal 500,000 years of Siberian Permafrost. Vaks, Gutareva et al. Science. 12.4.2013
  61. Global Climate Models and 20th and 21st Century Arctic Climate Change.Bitz, Ridley et al. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library Vol 43 405-436 (2012).
  62. Global Climate Models and 20th and 21st Century Arctic Climate Change. Bitz, Ridley et al. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library Vol 43405-436 (2012).
  63. The Amplification of Arctic terrestrial surface temperatures by reduced seaice extent during the Pliocene. Ballantyne, Axford et al. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology Vol 386 59-67. 15.9.2013
  64. Climate Science: Vast costs of Arctic Change. Whiteman, Hope and Wadhams. Nature 499. 401-403. 25.7.2013
  65. Arctic thaw may be first in Cascade of Tipping Points’ New Scientist 27.2.2013
  66. Earth now halfway to UN global warming limit, New Scientist, 29.07.15
  67. Multistability and critical thresholds of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Alexander Robison et al. Native Climate Change 2. 429-432 (2012)

AVIATION

  1. ‘Record CO2 emissions committing world to dangerous climate change’ The Guardian 21.09.14 reporting on recent study in Nature Geoscience
  2. IEA World Energy Outlook Special Report on Climate and Energy June 2015
  3. Ibid. (2)
  4. Kevin Anderson and Alice Bows ‘Beyond ‘Dangerous’ Climate Change: Emission Scenarios for a New World’. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, 2011
  5. Oil Market Report 13th June 2014 International Energy Agency (IEA)
  6. Petroleum and other liquids US Energy Information Administration (EIA) 29th May 2014
  7. ‘The future of oil supply’, a special edition of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
  8. World Energy Outlook, IEA 2014
  9. ‘Bank of America sees $50 oil as OPEC dies’ The Daily Telegraph 11.12.14
  10. 2013 World Oil Outlook. Organisation of Oil Exporting Countries. POPEC Secretariat 2013
  11. ‘Delivering the Future: Global Market Forecast 2011-30’, Airbus, 2011
  12. Oil prices pose threat to airline’s profits and survival, IATA warns. The Guardian 06.06.2011
  13. Biofuel’s carbon balance: doubts, certainties and implications. John M De Cicco. Climate Change DOI 10.1007/s10584-013-0927-9 2nd September 2013
  14. Evolving Green Aviation Transport Systems: A Holistic Approach to Sustainable Green Market Development A N Saker, American Journal of Climate Change Vol. 1 No 3 (2012) Article ID:22479
  15. ‘Bridging the aviation CO2 emissions gap: why emissions trading is needed’ D S Lee et al, Dept of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Manchester University, March 2013
  16. Responsibly addressing climate change IATA June 2013
  17. Op. Cit. (15)
  18. Bridging the Emissions Gap. UNEP 2011
  19. Vision 2050 IATA 12th February 2011
  20. Profitability and the air transport value chain, IATA Economics Briefing No 10 June 2013
  21. Op. Cit. (11)


SHIPPING

  1. Shipping, world trade and the reduction of CO2 emissions, UNFCC, COP20, Lima
  2. ‘How shipping has changed the world and the social impact of shipping’ Dr Martin Stopford, Clarkson Research Services , quoted in International Shipping Facts and Figures – Information Resources on Trade, Safety, Security, Environment. IMO 08.03.12
  3. International Shipping Facts and Figures -- Information Resources on Trade, Safety, Security, Environment. IMO 08.03.12
  4. World Port Source www.worldportsource.com
  5. Op. cit.. (1)
  6. Shipping and climate change: scope for unilateral action. Paul Gilbert, Alice Bows and Richard Starkey, University of Manchester, August 2010
  7. Op.cit. (1)
  8. Third IMO GHG Study 2014
  9. Emissions reduction in the Shipping Industry: Regulations, exposure and solutions. Jean Florent Helfre and Andre Cooto Boot, Sustainalytics, July 2013.
  10. CO2 Targets, Trajectories and Trends for International Shipping. Smith, T.W.P., Traut, M., Bows-Larkin, A, Anderson, K., McGlade, C. and Wrobel, P. University College London and University of Manchester 12th May 2015.
  11. Synthesis Report, AR5 IPCC 2014
  12. Marine shipping’, Centre for Climate Solutions (downloaded 20.07.15)
  13. ‘Time for international action on CO2 emissions from Shipping’, European Commission (downloaded 20.07.15)
  14. ‘Countries fail to set shipping climate target’ The Carbon Brief 14 May 2015
  15. Op. cit. (13)
  16. Op. cit. (13)
  17. ‘UN shipping body shelves emissions target’ RTCC News, 13th May 2015


ROAD

  1. Global Transport Scenarios 2050, World Energy Council 2011
  2. ‘Global population to hit 9.7bn people by 2050 despite fall in fertility’ Sam Jones and Mark Anderson, The Guardian 29.07.15 quoting from World Population Prospects: the 2015 revision, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  3. Op. Cit. (2)
  4. Global Health and Aging. National Institutes of Health and Human Services/World Health Organisation 2011.
  5. The Graying of the Great Powers: Demography and Geopolitics in the 21st Century. Richard Jackson and Neil Howe, Centre for Strategic Studies (CSIS) May 2008
  6. Op. Cit. (1)
  7. ITF Transport Outlook 2015, International Transport Forum, OECD 2015
  8. The Future of the Electric Car. Tam Hunt. Greentech Media 01.04.15
  9. It’s Official: Electric Car Sales Have Doubled Every Year for Three Years. Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield. Transport Evolved 16.04.14 
  10. Navigant forecasts global annual sales of LDVs of 122.6m by 2035, up 38% from 2015, Green Car Congress. 06.07.15
  11. Systematic review of EV battery pack costs suggests economies of scale may push cost toward $200/kwh without further cell chemistry improvements. Green Car Congress. 10.04.15 quoting Rapidly falling costs of battery packs for electric vehicles, Bjorn Nykvist & Mans Nykvist, Nature Climate Change 5, 329-332 (2015) doi:10.1038/nclimate2564
  12. Bosch CEO: 15% of new cars by 2025 to be at least a hybrid; batteries to deliver 2x energy density for ½ current cost by 2020. Green Car Congress 04.02.15
  13. Electric vehicle batteries ‘already cheaper than 2020 projections’ Carbon Brief 23.03.15
  14. Reinventing Fire, Amory Lovins, Rocky Mountain Institute, 2011
  15. Global Passenger Vehicle Standards. The International Council on Clean Transportation November 2014
  16. World Energy Report 2015. IEA
  17. Electric Drive Trucks and Buses. Navigant Research Q1 2015
  18. The rise of EV and hybrid cars. FS Foresight Investor 15.02.15
  19. Battery technology charges ahead. UBS and McKinsey 2012
  20. Op. cit. (12)
  21. Op. cit.(12)
  22. Electric cars could cut oil imports 40% by 2030, says study. Arthur Nelson, The Guardian 10.03.15
  23. An Economic Assessment of Low Carbon Vehicles, Cambridge Econometrics. Ricardo-AEA March 2013
  24. Global EV Outlook, UBS Estimates
  25. Op. Cit. (7)


CARBON OFFSETS

  1. Carbon offset, Wikipedia 12.09.15
  2. The inconvenient truth of carbon offsets, Kevin Anderson. Nature.com (downloaded 12.09.15)04.04.12
  3. World Energy Consumption Since 1820 in Charts, Our Finite World (downloaded 12.09.15)
  4. Future climate projections: Five graphs from three reports, Carbon Brief, 28th November 2012
  5. Wg3 AR5 Summary for Policy Makers, IPCC March 2014
  6. Record CO2 emissions committing world to dangerous climate change, The Guardian 21.09.14, reporting on recent study in Nature Geoscience
  7. IEA World Energy Outlook Special Report on Climate and Energy June 2015
  8. The emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries, Working Paper No. 285 Homi Kharas, OECD, January 2010.
  9. (8) ibid.
  10. 8) Ibid.
  11. The Emerging Middle Class – So What? Mathew Burrows, The Washington Quarterly, Spring 2015
  12. Branko Milanovic, “Global Income Inequality by the Numbers: In History and Now,”Policy Research Working Paper no. 6259, (Washington, DC: The World Bank, November 2013), http://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/pdf/10.1596/1813-9450-6259.
  13. Asia 2050: Realizing the Asian Century (Asian Development Bank, 2011), http://www.adb.org/publications/asia-2050-realizing-asian-century
  14. For more on the international futures model, see Barry B. Hughes, Pardee Center,University of Denver “International Futures Model,” http://www.ifs.du.edu/ifs/Ifs.aspx.
  15. Global Economic Prospects 2007: Managing the Next Wave of Globalization (Washington,DC: World Bank, 2007
  16. lvaro de Vasconcelos, ed., Global Trends 2030: Citizens in an Interconnected and Polycentric World (Institute for Security Studies and European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS), April 2012), http://www.iss.europa.eu/publications/detail/
  17. Lions on the move: The progress and potential of African economies, McKinsey Global Institute, June 2010
  18. ‘Reframing the climate change challenge in light of post-2000 emission trends, Kevin Anderson and Alice Bows, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 13.11.08 vol.366 no. 1882, 3863-3882
  19. Kevin Anderson and Alice Bows ‘Beyond ‘Dangerous’ Climate Change: Emission Scenarios for a New World’.     Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, 2011.
  20. (7) Op. Cit.  
  21. What will global annual emissions of greenhouse gases be in 2030, and will they be consistent with avoiding global warming of more than 2C? Rodney Boyd, Nicholas Stern and Bob Ward, Policy Paper, ESRC Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy/Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. May 2015
  22. The Emissions Gap Report. A UNEP Synthesis Report. United Nations Environment Programme, November 2014
  23. (7) Op. Cit.
  24. Wg3 AR5 Summary for Policy Makers, IPCC March 2014
  25. Value of the World’s Carbon Markets to Rise Again in 2014, Bloomberg New Energy Finance January 8th 2014
  26. Maneuvering the Mosaic: State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2013. Molly Peters-Stanley and Daphne Lin, Forest Trends Ecosystem Marketplace/Bloomberg New Energy Finance 20th June 2013
  27. The Carbon Neutral Myth: Offset indulgences for your Carbon Sins, Carbon Trade Watch. Transnational Institute www.tni.org ISBN 9789071007187 February 2007.
  28. (2) Op. Cit.
  29. Carbon Offsets, Centre for Media and Democracy Source Watch, quoting from James Hansen’s June 2011 speech to New Zealand Prime Minister Kay.
  30. Revisisting Kaya, David Hone, Climate Change Advisor to Shell 11th April 2014
  31. Rebound Effect (conservation), Wikipedia (accessed 13.09.15)
  32. Greening, Lorna; David L. Greene,Carmen Difiglio (2000), "Energy efficiency and consumption—the rebound effect—a survey.", Energy Policy 28: 389–401, doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(00)00021-5
  33. Kenneth A. Small and Kurt Van Dender (September 21, 2005). "The Effect of Improved Fuel Economy on Vehicle Miles Traveled: Estimating the Rebound Effect Using U.S. State Data, 1966-2001". University of California Energy Institute: Policy & Economics. Retrieved 2007-11-23.
  34. Energy Efficiency and the Rebound Effect. Does increasing Efficiency Decrease Demand?
  35. Freire-González, J (2010). "Empirical evidence of direct rebound effect in Catalonia". Energy Policy 38 (5): 2309–2314. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2009.12.018.
  36. Roy, Joyashree (2000), "The rebound effect: some empirical evidence from India", Energy Policy (Elsevier, Ltd.) 28: 433–438, doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(00)00027-6
  37. Antal, Miklós; Jeroen van den Bergh (2014), "Re-spending rebound: A macro-level assessment for OECD countries and emerging economies", Energy Policy 68: 585–590, doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.016
  38. Steven Sorrell (2007). "The rebound effect: An assessment of the evidence for economy-wide energy savings from improved energy efficiency". UK Energy Research Centre..
  39. Baker, Paul; Richard Blundell, John Micklewright (1989), "Modelling household energy expenditures using micro data.", Economic Journal 99: 720–738, doi:10.2307/2233767
  40. Milne, Geoffrey; Brenda Boardman (2000), "Making cold homes warmer: the effect of energy efficiency improvements in low-income homes A report to the Energy Action Grants Agency Charitable Trust.", Energy Policy 28: 411–424, doi:10.1016/s0301-4215(00)00019-7
  41. Hong, Sung; Tadj Oreszczyn, Ian Ridley (2006), "The impact of energy efficient refurbishment on the space heating fuel consumption in English dwellings", Energy and Buildings 38: 1171–1181, doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2006.01.007
  42. Antal, Miklós; Jeroen van den Bergh (2014), "Re-spending rebound: A macro-level assessment for OECD countries and emerging economies", Energy Policy 68: 585–590, doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.11.016
  43. Roy, Joyashree (2000), "The rebound effect: some empirical evidence from India", Energy Policy 28: 433–438, doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(00)00027-6
  44. Wackernagel, Mathis; Rees, William (1997). "Perceptual and structural barriers to investing in natural capital: economics from an ecological footprint perspective". Ecological Economics 20 (3): 3–24. doi:10.1016/S0921-8009(96)00077-8.

ATMOSPHERIC COREDUCTION

  1. Wg3 AR5 Summary for Policy Makers, IPCC March 2014
  2. Paleoclimate implications for human-made climate change. Hansen, J. E. and M. Sato 2012 in Climate Change: Inferences from Paleoclimate and Regional Aspects. A Berger et al Springer, 21-48, doi:10 1007/978-3-7091-0973-1_2.
  3. ‘Global warming: it’s a point of no return in West Antarctica. What happens next? Eric Rignot’, The Observer 17th May 2014 reporting as lead author of paper ‘Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith, and Kohler Glaciers, West Antarctica, from 1992 to 2011’, E. Rignot et al, Geophysical Research letters 27th May 2014
  4. Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleaoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2C global warming is highly dangerous. J. Hansen et al Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 15, 20059-20179, 2015. www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/1520059/2015/doi:10.5194/acpd-15-2059-2015
  5. Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim? James Hansen*,1,2, Makiko Sato1,2, Pushker Kharecha1,2, David Beerling3, Robert Berner4,Valerie Masson-Delmotte5, Mark Pagani4, Maureen Raymo6, Dana L. Royer7 and James C. Zachos The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, 2008, 2, 217-231
  6. The Case for Young People and Nature: A Path to a Healthy, Natural, Prosperous Future James Hansen, Pushker Kharecha, Makiko Sato, Paul Epstein, Paul J. Hearty, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Camille Parmesan, Stefan Rahmstorf, Johan Rockstrom, Eelco J.Rohling, Jeffrey Sachs, Peter Smith, Konrad Steffen, Karina von Schuckmann, James C. Zachos,
  7. IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, IPCC 2005
  8. Regulating the Ultimate Sink: Managing the Risks of Geologic CO2 Storage. Elizabeth J Wilson, Timothy L Johnson and David W Keith. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2003, 37, 3476-3483
  9. Safe Storage of CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifers, Robert G Bruent, Andrew J Guswa, Michael A Celia and Catherine A Peters. American Chemical Society. Environmental Science and Technology 1st June 2002.
  10. (8) Ibid)
  11. (8) Ibid.
  12. (8) Ibid.
  13. (8) Ibid.
  14. (8) Ibid.
  15. (8) Ibid.
  16. Feasibility of Injecting Large Volumes of CO2 into Aquifers. Seyyed M Ghaderi, David W Keith, Yuri Leonenko. Energy Procedia 1, (2009) 3113-3120 Science Direct
  17. (15) Ibid.
  18. Carbon Storage: the economic efficiency of storing CO2 in leaky reservoirs. Minh Ha-Duong, David W Keith Clean Techn Environ Policy 5 (2003) 181-189 DOI 10.1007/s10098-003-0213-z
  19. Accelerating The Dissolution of CO2 in Aquifers, Yuri Leonenko, David W Keith, Mehran Pooladi-Darvish and Hassan Hassanzadeh, Dept of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive, Calgary AB, T2N 1N4 Canada.
  20. Accelerating CO2 Dissolution in Saline Aquifers for Geological Storage – Mechanistic and Sensitivity Studies. Hassan Hassanzadeh, Mehran Pooladi-Daarvish, and David W Keith. Energy and Fuels 2009, 23, 3328-3336
  21. (19) Ibid
  22. Reservoir Engineering To Accelerate the Dissolution of CO2 stored in Aquifers. Yuri Leonenko and David W Keith, Environ. Sci. Technology 2008, 42, 2742-2747
  23. (7) Op. Cit.
  24. Palmer, A.C. and Ormerod, B. Global warming: the ocean solution. Science and Public Affairs. Autumn, 49-51 (1997).
  25. (7) Op. Cit.
  26. Ocean Storage of Carbon Dioxide: Pipelines, Risers and Seabed Containment, Andrew Palmer (Centre for Offshore Research and Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Singapore, and Bold Island Engineering Limited), David Keith (University of Calgary, Calgary, AB) and Richard Doctor (Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, IL)
  27. (26) Ibid.
  28. Regulating the Geological Sequestration of CO2, Elizabeth Wilson et al, Environmental Science and Technology, April 15 2008.
  29. A review of mineral carbonization technologies to sequester CO2. A. Sanna, M. Uibu, G. Caramanna, R. Kuusik, and M. M. Maroto-Valer. Chem. Soc. Rev. 2014 43, 8049
  30. A global assessment of deep-sea basalt sites for carbon sequestration. Dave Goldberg and Angela Slagle, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Energy Procedia 2008
  31. Kevin Dome Carbon Storage Project, Blue Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership, www.bigskyco2.org
  32. (29) Op. Cit.
  33. IEA: Decarbonising the economy will save $71trillion by 2050.  Energy Technology Perspectives 2014, International Energy Agency

FACILITIES DEVELOPMENT

  1. 2050 Pathways Analysis, July 2010 DECC, UK Government
  2. R.E.H. Sims, R.N. Schock, A. Adegbululgbe, J. Fenhann, I. Konstantinaviciute, W. Moomaw, H.B. Nimir, B. Schlamadinger,
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